Original Research Rural Development
Evaluating Natural Gas Transfer and Distribution Risks to Rural Regions (Case of Hormozgan Province)

Fahimifard Fahimifard; Bahman Bazgir

Volume 10, Issue 3 , September 2023, Pages 257-273


  In this research transfer and distribution risks of natural gas to rural regions were assessed, evaluated and prioritized, then solutions of their hedging were provided for the case study of Hormozgan province gas company (HPGC). In order to collect the data, designed questionnaires were distributed ...  Read More

Original Research Rural Development
Evaluating the Economic Returns of Agricultural Research in Kurdistan Province

Ali Bahrami; Noormohammad Abyar

Volume 10, Issue 3 , September 2023, Pages 275-287


  Agricultural development is one of the most critical strategies approaches in rural communities and agricultural development. However, the effectiveness of the strategy has been questioned by some macroeconomic policy makers and social groups. Therefore, Evaluating the socio-economic effects of agricultural ...  Read More

Original Research Tourism
Rural Tourism Development Based on Slow Tourism Development (Study of The Javaherdeh Village)

Mostafa Mohammadi; Seyyed Mohammad Mirtaghian Rudsari; Razieh Rabani

Volume 10, Issue 3 , September 2023, Pages 289-307


  Speed and acceleration are always accompanied by a decrease in accuracy, an increase in the error rate and, as a result, a defect in the output. Today, there is a significant tendency to transform and change fast activities to slow ones in tourism in order to enjoy the beauty of slowness during vacations ...  Read More

Original Research Agri Eco.
Factors Affecting the Saffron Land Integration of Ghaenat, Iran: A generalized order logit approach

Alireza Karbasi; Seyed Mahdi Hoseyni; Amir Dadrasmoghadam; Hamideh Hamidipour

Volume 10, Issue 3 , September 2023, Pages 309-324


  Saffron is one of the strategic products of the agricultural sector in Iran’s South Khorasan province, the second largest producer which has a special place in Iran's non-oil exports. Unfortunately, the dispersion of saffron lands and the existence of smallholder units, while increasing costs and ...  Read More

Original Research Geography and plan
Evaluating the resilience of rural habitats against flooding (Case study: Zoshk village of Mashhad)

Maryam Bhyarfard; Mohammad Taghi Dastorani; Ali Akbar Anabestani

Volume 10, Issue 3 , September 2023, Pages 325-345


  Natural hazards such as floods are one of the most damaging phenomena that require more attention. Villages exposed to flooding, such as Zoshk, should be more stable in order to minimize possible flood risks and damages. One of the pivotal strategies currently under consideration for mitigating flood ...  Read More

Original Research Agricultural Extension and Education
Estimation of carbon footprint and global warming potential of barley (Hordeom Vulgare L.) (Case study: Rural areas of Shirvan city)

Mahdi Babaeian; Abolfazl Tavassoli; Yasser Esmailian

Volume 10, Issue 3 , September 2023, Pages 347-361


  This study was conducted to investigate the ability of carbon sequestration in barley and to determine the global warming potential of this product in the cropping year 2020-2021 in rural areas Shirvan city. For this purpose, systematic random sampling was performed in 30 farms from 0-30 cm soil depth ...  Read More

Original Research Rural Development
Investigating the Effect of Commercial Liberalization and the Quality of Human Resources on the Gini Coefficient in Rural Areas of Iran

Ebrahim ghaed; Mohammadtaher Ahmadi Shadmehri; Habib Shirafkan lamso; Haniye Hossainzadeh

Volume 10, Issue 3 , September 2023, Pages 363-385


  The rural areas of Iran are known as the most important hubs for the production of agricultural products. Considering that income distribution has an effect on the level of poverty and economic well-being of rural people, knowing the factors affecting how income is distributed in the rural areas of the ...  Read More

Original Research Geography and plan
Predicting the probability of droughts using SPI drought index based on Markov chain model (Case study: Villages of Sistan and Baluchistan province)

hadi Siasar; Amir Salari

Volume 10, Issue 3 , September 2023, Pages 387-402


  Following the intensification and duration of the drought period in Iran and the occurrence of acute water shortage problems, drought risk management especially in rural areas has doubled. A variety of methods, including the Markov chain, are used to predict the likelihood of drought. In this study, ...  Read More