Document Type : Original Research

Authors

1 PhD student in Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geography and Environmental Planning, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geography and Rural Planning, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Zahedan, Iran.

3 Associated Professor in Human Geography ,Faculty of Geography and Environmental Planning,University of Sistan and Bluchestan,Zahedan,Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Economics and Management, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Zahedan, Iran.

10.22048/rdsj.2023.320613.1992

Abstract

Occurrence of natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes in geographical areas, especially in rural areas, has devastating effects. Such incidents often endanger the health of residents by destroying economic resources and welfare and biological facilities, and those are always a serious threat to the development of rural areas. In this regard, the purpose of this study is the spatial analysis of the extent to which the local community has economic factors affecting resilience against environmental hazards in the villages of Sistan region. This research has been done by descriptive-analytical method. The statistical population of the present study included all heads of households in 373 villages wich had more than 50 households in Sistan region. Using Cochran's formula, 189 household heads were randomly selected as a sample. In order to analyze the data, SPSS, WASPAS and Arc GIS software were used . The results of regression test on the effect of economic factors on the resilience of rural communities in Sistan region indicate that the degree of multiple correlation between Economic factors and resilience is equal to the coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.003) which shows that Economic factors have no effect on the productivity of villagers in the Sistan region. Also, the results of WASPAS ranking technique confirm that the villagers located in Nimroz and Helmand counties have the highest rate of economic resilience against natural hazards and the villagers located in Hamoon county have the lowest rate of economic resilience against risks which They are natural.

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