Document Type : Original Research


1 Assistant Professor. Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Zabol

2 M.Sc. in Agricultural Economics, University of Zabol


In parallel with the increasing global population, food security or increasing agricultural products is one of the biggest challenges that human society is faced with during the recent decades, this necessity led to overuse of pesticides and fertilizers which cause serious and sometimes irreversible dangers. In the resent years, several measures have been taken to return to organic agriculture. The current study attempted to represent a agronomic program in which decision makers in addition to their economic goals, pay more attention to environment by producing organic products. To achieve this goal, goal programming and its combination with Extended Lexicographic Goal Programming framework, based on multiple criteria decision making methods were used in Bardsir and Orzoyeh regions. The required data were collected using 567 questionnaires and doing interview with beneficiaries using random sampling method in 2013. In the current study, six different goals included profit maximization, employment of labor maximization, minimization of irrigation water, working machinery, fertilizer and pesticides at difference priorities were put in the model. The results indicated that by optimizing the cropping pattern; we can reduce consumption of harmful inputs without any reduction in yield or profit. Therefore, informing farmers about advantages of organic agriculture and government’s supports could be an effective step towards sustainable production.


Main Subjects

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