This survey research was carried out to investigate the effects of tourism development on rural areas of central District of Boyer-Ahmad Township. The research population included 1,180 rural households from two groups of villages including with and without tourists. According to the Krejcie and Morgan Table, two hundred ninety eighty rural households were determined as the sample size. The samples were selected using stratified random sampling with proportional allocation. The data were collected by a researcher made questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by experts and its reliability was also confirmed by calculating the Cronbach's Alpha reliability coefficient. The results of comparing the situations of the two supposed groups five years ago (before the tourism boom) showed that there is a significant difference between the two groups (with and without tourism) in terms of the social and the capital attention to local customs, the tendency to live in a village, occupation and environmental awareness in which they have had higher mean score in villages with tourists. Moreover, comparing the current situation of these groups showed that there was a significant difference between the two groups, with and without tourists in terms of social offences and environmental awareness in such a way that tourism had a negative effect in terms of social factors and it led to increased social offences and it had a positive effect on environmental factors such as increasing environmental awareness of rural households. Furthermore, tourism had no considerable effect on rural areas in terms of economic and infrastructural factors.