Fragmentation of small agricultural lands and traditional agricultural lands in Iran is one the largest factors responsible for agricultural production and employment is responsible. The system mainly consists of 10 acres called the micro and the peasantry, and each operator will usually include a family operation. This pattern of operation with features such as organizational and structural weaknesses, low level of education and technical knowledge, scatter plots of agricultural land, the lack of efficient use of resources in production, low yield per hectare, high production costs, low income farmers and the non-economic and non-economic well-known performance. In this research, in order to calculate and determine the efficiency level of the small peasant exploitation system the data for 2014 were collected and data envelopment analysis was used. The statistical population of this study is 9600 small peasant below ten acres. Bu using multi-stage sampling method for subjects the sample size was 48, and a total of 60 questionnaires were completed with high precision. The results of the research showed that the average technical, allocation and economic efficiency of small peasant farms studied in the Miyaneh city is respectively equal to 60.03, 60.06, 34.02. This suggests an increase in technical efficiency of 39.7 percent, an allocation efficiency of 39.4 percent, and an economic efficiency of 65.8 percent. This indicates weaknesses in existing technical knowledge, farm management, and lack of use of scale optimization.