Climate change, including drought, has caused nomadic communities of the country to collapse. However, this productive society contributes significantly to the sustainability of livestock production. If the livelihoods of nomadic societies are not diversified, food security of other sectors of the society will be compromised. Therefore, the main question of the research is “what are the strategies for the development of livelihoods of nomads in the Gachsaran County?” This descriptive-analytic research is an applied approach that uses the SWOT technique to explain the strategies for improving livelihood in nomads in the Gachsaran County. Therefore, the SWOT analysis was conducted with the experts of the Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad Nomad Affairs Organization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants who had detailed knowledge about nomads situation of the Gachsaran County. For this purpose, the participant group consisted of all experts in the organization (12 persons) who participated in the study. The results showed that the total weight of internal factors evaluation matrix for internal factors tribes was 3.68. While external factors was 3.32 based on the results of the final weight. The findings indicated that the nomads weaknesses compared to the strengths of the total weight had more that is required to plan to minimize weaknesses and maximum use of opportunities to eliminate weaknesses. Matrix IE, defensive strategy (WT) takes into account and identifies the first strategic planning process for the development of the nomadic society of the Gachsaran county. Through this, it has to be specified that codification of the strategy has to be in accordance with the internal strengths and external factors of threats. Finally, in order to improve livelihood of this group, making a preparatory plan to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats specific to each system of tribal community with the participation of nomads and planners is recommended.