Modeling the levels of agricultural development is an effective tool in creating sufficient knowledge of the land and the spatial distribution of its development. Therefore, this study aimed to model the levels of agricultural development in rural areas of Hamadan and Kermanshah provinces in 1399-1400. This research is quantitative in terms of applied purpose and data analysis, done in a survey manner. The study's statistical population was rural centers of Hamedan and Kermanshah provinces, which were studied using a stratified sampling method and proportional assignment of 666 farmers from 89 rural centers. The data collection tool was a questionnaire that confirmed the validity and reliability of the questionnaire. The combined Viktor-entropy method was used to measure the degree of agricultural sustainability in the studied rural areas. Arc-GISver10.5 software was used to model sustainable agricultural development levels. The conceptual model of the research was also confirmed using AMOSver24 software. The results show that the Khorramrud villages of Tuyserkan city and the Raheb village of Kaboudar Ahang city of Hamadan province had the highest and lowest sustainability coefficients. In general, the rural areas of Hamedan and Kermanshah provinces are similar in terms of sustainable agricultural development, and there is no significant difference. Also, according to the calculations, the studied villages were divided into seven levels, which are completely unstable in rural areas. It is not located at 15 unstable levels, relatively unstable at 28 villages, stable at 33 villages, relatively stable at 11 villages, stable at two villages, and not at a completely stable level.