Document Type : Original Research


1 Assistant professor of Economics and Agricultural production Management, faculty of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Thran

2 PhD student in Agricultural Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

3 Professor and faculty member of the Department of Agricultural Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad


Equivalent scale is a good solution to this problem and provides an indicator for comparing the well-being of households with the number of different members. Equivalent scale indicates how much extra money is needed to increase the size of a household so that it can be as comfortable as a reference household _a family with two children_. Since the poverty line has been growing in Khorasan Razavi in 2018 and also the poverty line in different parts of Iran is very different from each other and therefore policies to support the poor should be considered in accordance with the conditions of each region. Therefore, a study that examines poverty in this province is necessary. Data used for income and expenditure of urban and rural households in Khorasan Razavi in 2018. The results showed that first, by choosing a reference household, the number of children and the elderly has a greater effect on the poverty rate than the per capita expenditure method. A simulation was then used to examine the change in average household expenditure by changing household size and transferring children and adults to higher levels. The results showed that by changing the size of the household, reducing the size of the household, the average cost increases. Also, with the transfer of children to the adult category, the average cost decreases, while with the transfer of adults to the elderly group, the average cost increases.


Main Subjects

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