Document Type : Original Research


1 Ph.D. of Agricultural Extension, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, University of Tehran, Iran

2 M.Sc of Agricultural Management, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, University of Tehran, Iran

3 M.Sc of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, University of Tehran, Iran.


The cost of forecasting the economical effects of modern biotechnology products is very high, and economic researches on the effects of cultivating these products in rural areas can play an important role in designing efficient monitoring mechanisms and agricultural innovation systems. In this regard, the present study was based on qualitative paradigm and using qualitative content analysis to analyze the views of researchers of agricultural research centers on opportunities and threats to the economic dimensions of cultivation of modern biotechnology products in rural areas in 2019. In order to collect data, a semi-structured interview method with 23 researchers was used by snowball sampling method. The findings of this study showed that in terms of opportunities, "the inevitability of moving towards an agricultural system based on genetic engineering for self-sufficiency and export" and about of threats, "the imposition of agricultural system based on genetic engineering and political and marketing issues" influenced the cultivation of modern biotechnology products in rural areas. In line with the results, it is proposed to form a specialized committee and works in three areas: “completion of modern biotechnology researches in the field of ability to produce seeds and other inputs of modern biotechnology products in the country”, “safety assessment of environmental and health effects of modern biotechnology products” and “creating a relative agreement between proponents and opponents”, In order to provide the necessary prerequisites, cultivation of these crops in rural areas can be on the agenda.


Main Subjects

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