بررسی نقش سرمایه اجتماعی بر نیت و رفتار حفاظت از آب کشاورزی در شهرستان الشتر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو دکتری ترویج کشاورزی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان

2 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان

3 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان

4 استادیار مرکز تحقیقات روستایی راکورا، هامیلتون، نیوزلند

چکیده

هدف کلی این پژوهش، بررسی نیت و رفتار حفاظت از آب توسط کشاورزان در شهرستان الشتر از طریق مبنا قرار دادن سرمایه اجتماعی بود. جامعه‌ی آماری این پژوهش، کشاورزان شهرستان الشتر به تعداد 6000 نفر بودند که بر اساس نمونه‌گیری چند مرحله‌ای تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب گردیدند و بر اساس جدول کرجسی و مورگان نمونه‌ای 360 نفری از آنان برای تحقیق انتخاب شدند. تحلیل رگرسیون سرمایه اجتماعی مؤثر بر نیت و رفتار حفاظت از آب کشاورزی نشان داد، متغیرهای اعتماد به نهادهای اجتماعی، ارتباطات برون محلی و ارزش زندگی عوامل مرتبط در رابطه با پیش بینی نیت حفاظت از آب کشاورزان می‌باشند، این متغیرها در مجموع قادرند، 40% از نیت حفاظت از آب را تبیین کنند. از طرفی دو متغیر تحمل تنوع و ارتباطات برون محلی قادرند تغییر در متغیر رفتار حفاظت از آب کشاورزان را در سطح معنی‌داری پیش‌بینی ‌نمایند، این متغیرها در مجموع قادرند 41% از رفتار حفاظت از آب کشاورزان را پیش‌بینی نماید. در نهایت، بر اساس نتایج تحقیق پیشنهاداتی جهت مصرف بهتر آب توسط کشاورزان ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Role of Social Capital on Intentions and Water Conservation Behavior of Farmers in the Aleshtar County

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Rahimi 1
  • Masoud Yazdanpanah 2
  • Masoumeh Forouzani 3
  • Saeed Mohammadzadeh 3
  • Rob Burton 4
1 PhD Student of Agricultural Extension at Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan
2 Assistant Professors, Department of Agriculture Extension and Education, Khuzestan Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University, Iran.
3 Assistant Professors, Department of Agriculture Extension and Education, Khuzestan Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Ruakura Rural Research Centre, Hamilton, New Zealand
چکیده [English]

The goal of this study is to investigate farmers’ intentions and behavior regarding water conservation in the Aleshtar County based on social capital. The statistical population in this study consisted of 6000 farmers living in the Aleshtar county A sample of 360 farmers were selected from this population based on Krejcie and Morgan’s Table. Sampling was done by using the stratified random sampling method. Regression analysis of social factors indicated that trust in public institutions, external communication and value of life are the most important factors to predict the intention for agricultural water conservation. The results revealed that these variables on the whole could predict 40 % of the variations in intentions for agricultural water conservation. Furthermore, tolerance of variation and external communications were significantly useful to predict farmers’ water conservation behavior as well. Totally, if these variables are used, we can predict 41% of variations in farmers’ water conservational behavior. Finally, based on the research results, suggestions for better use of water by farmers have been provided.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aleshtar
  • Social Capital
  • Cognitive Dimension
  • structural dimension
  • Water conservation

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